Immigration statistics, from July of 1881. Other than a (by today’s standards) surprising proportion of Canadians, upwards of 4000, most newcomers were European; Germans in overwhelmingly superior numbers, strong showings from Belgium and Australia, many English, many Irish, many from China (The Chinese Exclusion Act arrived 1882, under the Arthur presidency)…and a fair number of Norwegians, plenty of Swedes. The Russian numbers are low, but 1881 was a year in which the Tsarist regime pursued its slaughter of Jews (the 1890s produced larger waves of immigration from Russia).
Stephens City Star 27 August 1881
A series of gossipy items about celebrities, most still known today. In 1881, Civil War era figures were part of life; they would be the equivalent to 90s celebs for us in 2018.
Catoctin Clarion 7 July 1881
Some of the humor and edification of the era. Newspapers in the 19th century published comic poems regularly; the piece right treats the topic of such poetry itself. (With a nod to Byron’s “The Vision of Judgment”, a condemnation of King George III, and satire of Robert Southey, excerpted below:
“He ceased, and drew forth an MS.; and no
Persuasion on the part of devils, saints,
Or angels, now could stop the torrent; no
He read the first three lines of the contents;
But at the fourth, the whole spiritual show
Had vanish’d with variety of scents,
Ambrosial and sulphureous, as they sprang
Like lightning, off from his “melodious twang.”)
Note: rhyming “torrent” with “fourth”, pretty good.
Left, a quote from abolitionist Owen Lovejoy, stand-up words worth reading.
The National Republican 26 February 1881
The Weekly Kansas Chief, September 22, 1881